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Understanding a Nation’s Economic Ties: The Balance of Payments

The balance of payments (BoP) offers a comprehensive snapshot of a country’s economic interactions with the rest of the world over a specific period. It tracks all cross-border transactions where ownership changes hands, such as exports and imports of goods and services, financial investments, and transfers.

Why is the BoP Important?

The BoP serves as a key indicator of a country’s economic health in relation to the global market. It reveals how a nation earns and spends foreign currency, highlighting its trade relationships, foreign investments, and overall international financial standing.

Structure of the BoP

The BoP is divided into three main accounts:

  • Current Account: This account tracks the flow of goods and services, recording a nation’s exports (earnings) and imports (expenditures).
  • Capital Account: This account reflects capital transfers (e.g., foreign investments) between residents and non-residents.
  • Financial Account: This account captures financial asset transactions (e.g., buying or selling foreign bonds) between residents and non-residents.

Balancing the BoP

Ideally, the BoP should be balanced, meaning the total value of credits (money flowing into the country) equals the total debits (money flowing out). However, minor discrepancies can occur due to data collection challenges or reporting variations.

South Sudan’s BoP Journey

With technical support from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), South Sudan began compiling BoP statistics in 2014. Since then, the Bank of South Sudan has successfully submitted four BoP statements to the IMF, demonstrating its commitment to international financial transparency.


Balance of Payments for Republic of South Sudan 2017

Balance of Payments for Republic of South Sudan 2016

Balance of Payments for Republic of South Sudan 2015

Balance of Payments for Republic of South Sudan 2014